Books (see also National Academy of Sciences reports)

WORDS—A Collection of Poems and Song Lyrics (online only), P.F. Uhlir, 2017, 45 p.

TRAVELOGUES (online only), P.F. Uhlir, 2017, 173 p.

Governing Digitally Integrated Genetic Resources, Data and Literature: Global Intellectual Property Strategies for a Redesigned Microbial Research Commons, with J.H. Reichman and T. Dedeurwaerdere, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 678 p.

Živůtek byl krásný, with Jaroslav Vašata, Klub Dr. Milady Horákové, Prague, 1999, 184 p., and translation into English, Life Was Beautiful (online only), with Jan Hegenbart, 2017 (publication pending).

Crop Modeling and Related Environmental Data—A Focus on Applications for Arid and Semi-Arid Regions in Developing Countries, P.F. Uhlir and G.C. Carter, eds., CODATA, 1993, 256 p.

Peer-reviewed articles and essays

Comparative Study of Earth Observation Data Sharing Policy, (publication pending).

Building essential biodiversity variables (EBVs) of species distribution and abundance at a global scale, with W. Daniel Kissling, et al, in Biological Reviews (2 August 2017,

The Value of Open Data Sharing, report for Group on Earth Observations, CODATA (2015).

Issues in Scientific Knowledge Discovery, with John Leslie King, Proceedings of the ACM (2014).

Out of Cite, Out of Mind: The Current State of Practice, Policy, and Technology for the Citation of Data, author of Chapter 6 and project director, CODATA Data Science Journal, Vol. 12 (September 2013).

A ROAD LESS TRAVELED (WITH APOLOGIES TO ROBERT FROST): The 2010 CODATA International Prize Lecture, CODATA Data Science Journal, Vol. 11 (September 2012).

Information Gulags, Intellectual Straightjackets, and Memory Holes,” CODATA Data Science Journal, Vol. 9 (2010).

“Toward Implementation of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems Data Sharing Principles,” with Robert S. Chen, Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz & Katleen Janssen, Journal of Space Law, Vol. 35, No.1 (2009).

“Pathways Across the ‘Valley of Death’: Novel Intellectual Property Strategies to Solve the Small Molecule Puzzle,” with Arti Rai, JH Reichman, and Colin Crossman, Yale Journal on Health Policy, Law, and Ethics (April 2008).

“Access to Scientific and Technical Knowledge: UNESCO’s Past, Present, and Future Roles,” with JH Reichman and Heather Ritch, UNESCO, Paris (2007).

 “Open Data for Global Science,” with Peter Schröder, Data Science Journal, CODATA (2007); reprinted in Legal Framework for e-Research: Realizing the Potential, Brian Fitzgerald, ed., Sydney University Press (2008)

The Emerging Role of Open Repositories as a Fundamental Component of the Public Research Infrastructure,” in Open Access: Open Problems, Polimetrica (2006).

“Promoting Access to Public Research Data for Scientific, Economic, and Social Development,” with P. Arzberger, et al., Data Science Journal, CODATA, Paris, France, 2004.

“An International Framework to Promote Access to Data,” with Peter Arzberger, et al., 303 Science 1777, 19 March 2004.

A Contractually Reconstructed Commons for Scientific Data for Science and Innovation in a Highly Protectionist Intellectual Property Environment,” with Jerome Reichman, 66 Law and Contemporary Problems 315-462, Duke University School of Law (Winter/Spring 2003).

Database Protection at the Crossroads: Recent Developments and their Impact on Science and Technology,” with Jerome Reichman, 14 Berkeley Technology Law Review 793-838, 1999.

"From Spacecraft to Statecraft: The Role of Earth Observation Systems in the Verification and Enforcement of International Environmental Agreements," in GIS Law, Winter, 1995.

Orbital Debris Mitigation Techniques—Technical, Economic, and Legal Aspects, principal author of a special study of the AIAA, 1992.

"Wilderness Found," editorial in Space World, p. 40, January 1988.


Other articles, not peer reviewed

CHU Wenbo and Paul F. UHLIR, Data Sharing and Data Management in the GEO Community, Journal of Global Change Data and Discovery, Beijing, China (2018).

Science Plan Planning Committee, The Digital Belt and Road Science Plan and Executive Summary, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China (2017).

Discussion paper No 1: “The principles governing charging for re-use of public sector information,” Marco Ricolfi, et al., Turin, Italy (2012).

“Global Initiatives for Sharing Environmental Data,” Chinese Academy of Sciences, China (2007).

“Global Information Commons for Science Initiative,” with Paul A. David, in Past, Present & Future of Research in the Information Society, Wesley Shrum, et al., eds., Springer, p. 107-110 (2007).

“Issues in Open Availability of Digital Scientific Information Resources in Developing Countries,” InterAcademy Panel on International Issues (2006, available online only).

“Access to Environmental Data: Summary of an Inter-American Workshop,” ed., with Dora Ann Lange Canhos and Julie M. Esanu, CODATA, Paris, France, 7 July 2004,

 “Re-intermediation in the Republic of Science: Moving from intellectual property to intellectual commons,” in Open Access to Scientific and Technical Information: State of the Art and Future Trends, Herbert Gruttemeier and Barry Mahon, eds., IOS Press, International Council for Scientific and Technical Information, Paris, 2003, pp. 63-66.

 “IP@TheNational Academies Newsletter,” editor, 2003-2006 (9 issues).

“Comment: Session on Intellectual Property and Government Data Policy,” in Proceedings of the First International Conference on the State of Remote Sensing Law, University of Mississippi School of Law, Oxford, MS, 2002 (available on CD-ROM only).

“Data Sharing, IPR, and Human Dimension Issues,” in Scalable Information Networks for the Environment, Alison Withey, William Michener, and Paul Tooby, eds., report of an NSF-sponsored workshop at the San Diego Supercomputer Center, October 29-31, 2001, pp. 49-53, 2002 (available online only).

“Fare Use in Cyberspace,” presentation at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Conference, February 2000, (available on tape only).

“Potential Negative Impacts to Research from New Intellectual Property Laws for Databases,” American Bar Association, Washington, DC, 1999.

“Overview of Data Access and Data Quality Problems,” in Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference on Improving Clinical Databases for Health Policy Development, Multinational Business Services, Washington, DC, 1999.

Potential Impacts on Research from Proposed U.S. Database IPR Legislation,” in Building and Owning Biotechnology Databases, BTSF, Edam, Holland, 1998.

"Issues in the Transborder Flow of Scientific Data," with S.A. Alexander, Proceedings of INET'95, Internet Society, 1995.

"Aerospace Business in Russia: The Art of the Deal," with R. Opsahl and J. Padron, in Aerospace America, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), February,1995.

"A New NRC Study on the Preservation of Scientific Databases," Architext, vol. 4, no. 1, August 1994.

"Panel Discussion Led by Paul Uhlir," ed., in Preservation of Near Earth Space for Future Generations, John A. Simpson, ed., Cambridge University Press, 1994.

"Twenty Years of Cooperation in Earth Observation Programs," in Space Monitoring of Global Change, California Space Institute and Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation, University of California at San Diego, 1993.

"Problems Associated with Multimedia Studies of Environmental Change," with G.B. Wiersma, in Data for Global Change, CODATA Bulletin, Vol. 24, no. 4, 1992, pp. 59-66.

Feature column on "The Pulse of Global Standards," in the Orbiter, a quarterly publication of the AIAA Space Based Observing Systems Committee on Standards (five issues, 1989-1991).

"Applications of Remote Sensing Information in Law—An Overview," and "Rights of Access to and Dissemination of Remote Sensing Data Obtained by Governmental Organizations," in Earth Observation Systems--Legal Considerations for the '90s, American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing/American Bar Association, November 1990 (15 p. and 5 p. respectively).

"Development of Standards for Earth Observation Systems," AIAA, September 1990, 9 p.

1991 Earth Observations Directory:  A Worldwide Listing of Government Institutions and Related Groups, with L.S. Shaffer, special study of the AIAA, 1990, 175 p.

"Earth Observation Systems and Global Change," in Middlesex School Bulletin, 6 p., Spring 1988.

"An Overview of the International Law of Civilian Remote Sensing," in Remote Sensing Applications:  Commercial Issues and Opportunities for Space Station, American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, pp. 129-138, 1987.

"Regulations for the Licensing of Private Land Remote Sensing Space Systems—The  Background," Legal Backgrounder, Washington Legal Foundation, 2 p., July 1987.

"The U.S. Space Station and the Law:  Issues for an Emerging Legal Regime," Legal Backgrounder, Washington Legal Foundation, 2 p., Jan. 1987.

"Wilderness and Space," with W.P. Bishop, in Beyond Spaceship Earth—Environmental Ethics and the Solar System, Eugene Hargrove, ed., Sierra Club Books, pp. 183-210, 1986.

"The Public International Law of Civilian Remote Sensing—an Overview," in American Enterprise, the Law, and Commercial Use of Space:  Volume II, Phillip Mink, ed., National Legal Center for the Public Interest, pp. 25-78, 1986.


Official governmental and intergovernmental publications

Legal Options for the Exchange of Data through the GEOSS Data-CORE, lead author of working group, Group on Earth Observations (November 2011).

Recommendation on Principles for Access to Public Sector Information, co-author, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development [OECD] (2008).

Principles and Guidelines for Access to Research Data from Public Funding, co-author, OECD (2007).

Data Force, Data Access, National Consultation on Access to Scientific Research Data, Task Force co-author, Ottawa, Canada, February 2005, 129 p.

“Global Biodiversity - The Global Biodiversity Information Facility Third-Year Review,” lead co-author with the Review Committee, KPMG Denmark and CODATA, Copenhagen, GBIF, Copenhagen, February 2005, 230 p.

UNESCO Policy Guidelines for the Development and Promotion of Governmental Public Domain Information,” UNESCO, Paris, 2004, 49 p.

"Legal Aspects," in Global Biodiversity Assessment, UNEP, 1995.

"AIAA Congressional Testimony—Space Programs," co-author of annual testimony on space issues, 1992-1994, AIAA.

Regulations for Licensing Private Land Remote-Sensing Space Systems, principal co-author, Department of Commerce, 15 CFR Part 960, May 1986.

NESDIS Interagency Activities Catalog, principal editor, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, August 1985.

ENVIROSAT-2000 Report:  International Coordination of and Contributions to Environmental Satellite Programs, with L.S. Shaffer, NOAA report to Congress, 55 p., June 1985.


Book and film reviews

“Steal This Book,” book review of Open Access by Peter Suber, in Issues in Science and Technology (2014).

"Jurassic Park—A Parable on Science and Technology," film review of Jurassic Park, in Issues in Science and Technology, Fall 1993.

Book review of The Planet Earth: The View From Space by D. James Baker, in Air & Space magazine, September 1990.

Book review of Dark Sky Legacy:  The Influence of Astronomy on Culture, by George Reed, in Science Books and Films, Vol. 25, No. 5, p. 244, 1990.

Book review of High-Tech Society, by Tom Forester, in Science Books and Films, Vol. 23, No. 5, p. 292, 1988.

Book review of Envoys of Mankind:  A Declaration of First Principles for the Governance of Space Societies, by George S. Robinson and Harold M. White, Jr., in Science Books and Films, Vol. 22, No. 4, p. 214, 1987.


Master’s Thesis

The Reagan Administration's Proposal to Build a Ballistic Missile Defense System in Space:  Strategic, Political, and Legal Implications, Master's Thesis, University of San Diego, 220 p., May 1984.


Study director, co-author and principal editor for the following National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council reports published by National Academies Press

Preparing the Workforce for Digital Curation, Paul F. Uhlir, ed., 2015.

The Future of Knowledge Discovery in Open Networked Environments, Paul F. Uhlir, ed., 2012.

For Attribution: Developing Scientific Data Attribution and Citation Practices and Standards, Paul F. Uhlir, ed., 2012.

The Case for International Sharing of Scientific Data—A Focus on Developing Countries, Kathie Bailey-Mathae and Paul F. Uhlir, eds., 2012.

Designing the Microbial Research Commons, Paul F. Uhlir, ed., 215 p., 2011.

The Socioeconomic Effects of Public Sector Information on Digital Networks: Toward a Better Understanding of Different Access and Reuse Policies, Paul F. Uhlir, ed., 92 p., 2009.

Strategies for Preservation of and Open Access to Digital Scientific Data in China: Summary of an International Workshop, Paul F. Uhlir and Julie M. Esanu, eds, 150 p, 2006.

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Open Access and the Public Domain in Digital Data and Information for Science, U.S. National Committee for CODATA, 183 p., 2004.

Electronic Scientific, Technical, and Medical Journal Publishing and Its Implications: Report of a Symposium, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, 108 p., 2004 (2 vols).

Proceedings of the Symposium on the Role of Scientific and Technical Data and Information in the Public Domain, Office of International S&T Information Programs, 226 p., 2003.

Scientific and Technical Data for Decision-Making Toward Sustainable Development: Senegal River Basin Case Study: Summary of a Workshop, Paul F. Uhlir, U.S.-Senegal National Committees for CODATA, online publication (translated into French on CD-ROM), 2003.

Data for Science and Society: Proceedings of the Second National Conference on S&T Data, U.S. National Committee for CODATA, online publication only, 2001.

A Question of Balance: Private Rights and the Public Interest in Scientific and Technical Databases, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, 1999 (2 vols).

Bits of Power: Issues in Global Access to Scientific Data, U.S. National Committee for CODATA, 250 p., 1997.

Research Restructuring and Assessment--Can We Apply the Corporate Experience to Government Agencies?, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, 72 p., 1995.

Finding the Forest in the Trees--The Challenge of Combining Diverse Environmental Data, Committee for a Pilot Study on Database Interfaces, U.S. National Committee for CODATA, 129 p., 1995.

Preserving Scientific Information on Our Physical Universe: A New Strategy for Archiving the Nation's Scientific Information Resources, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, 1995 (2 vols).

Quantitative Assessments of the Physical and Mathematical Sciences--A Summary of Lessons Learned, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, 13 p., 1994.

Assessment of Satellite Earth Observation Programs--1991, Committee on Earth Studies, Space Studies Board (SSB), 67 p., 1991.

Assessment of Solar System Exploration Programs--1991, Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration, SSB, 36 p., 1991.

The U.S. Global Change Research Program:  An Assessment of the FY 1991 Plans, special study prepared for the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, 108 p., 1990.

Strategy for the Detection and Study of Other Planetary Systems and Extrasolar Planetary Materials:  1990-2000, Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration, SSB, 121 p., 1990.

1990 Update to the Strategy for Exploration of the Inner Planets, Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration, SSB, 57 p., 1990.

Strategy for Earth Explorers in Global Earth Sciences, Committee on Earth Sciences, SSB, 55 p., 1988.

Mission to Planet Earth: Space Science in the Twenty-First Century -- Imperatives for the Decades 1995 to 2015, Task Group on Earth Sciences, SSB, 121 p., 1988.

Planetary and Lunar Exploration: Space Science in the Twenty-First Century -- Imperatives for the Decades 1995 to 2015, Task Group on Planetary and Lunar Exploration, SSB, 111 p., 1988.

A Strategy for Exploration of the Outer Planets: 1986-1996, Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration, SSB, 100 p., 1986.


Study director and co-author of NAS/NRC advisory "letter reports" to NASA on the following topics

Assessment of the research applications of the Landsat program, Committee on Earth Studies (CES), 10 p., September 1991.

Space Studies Board Position on the NASA Earth Observing System, Space Studies Board, 8 p., June 1991.

Assessment of the scientific impact of the proposed descoping of the Comet Rendezvous/ Asteroid Flyby (CRAF) mission, Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration (COMPLEX), 14 p., July 1990.

Review of the combined Comet Rendezvous-Asteroid Flyby and Titan Probe-Saturn Orbiter (CRAF/Cassini) FY1990 proposed new start, COMPLEX, 7 p., September 1988.

Assessment of the scientific impact of the proposed descoping of the Mars Observer mission, COMPLEX, 23 p., July 1988.

Assessment of the Earth remote sensing research instruments for measuring stratospheric ozone, carbon monoxide, and primary ocean biological productivity levels, CES, 2 p., May 1987.

Review of the proposed Comet Rendezvous-Asteroid Flyby mission, COMPLEX, 5 p., May 1987.

Review of the proposed Lunar Geoscience Observer, Mars Aeronomy Observer, and Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous missions, COMPLEX, 6 p., May 1986.



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